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Landmarks of Islam in Europe

629
629
Heraclius Caesar (Emperor of Byzantine) received the message (letter) of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAS)
642
642
Emergence of Muslims in Derbent (Modern-day Russia)
688
688
Beginning of Muslim rule in Cyprus
700
700
Inclusion of Corsica into the Umayyad Caliphate
711 – 718
711 – 718
Arab conquest of the Iberian Peninsula
718 – 1492
718 – 1492
Muslim Rule of Al-Andalus (Modern-day Spain and Portugal)
736 – 1122
736 – 1122
Emirate of Tiflis (Modern-day Tbilisi, Georgia)
825 – 961
825 – 961
Emirate of Crete (Greece)
827 – 1091
827 – 1091
Sicilian Emirate (Italy)
847 – 871
847 – 871
Emirate of Bari (Italy)
870 – 1091
870 – 1091
Malta becomes a part of the Abbasid and Fatimid Caliphates
891 – 961
891 – 961
Rule of Abd Al-Rahman III (Caliphate of Cordoba, Spain)
922
922
Adoption of Islam by the state of Volga Bulgaria. (Modern-day, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)
1071
1071
Seljuk conquest of Anatolia — Battle of Manzikert
1126 – 1198
1126 – 1198
Ibn Rushd (Averroes) — Greatest Philosopher of medieval Europe (Cordoba)
1257 – 1266
1257 – 1266
Berke Khan’s rule — consolidation of Islam in the state of Golden Horde
1312 – 1313
1312 – 1313
Official adoption of Islam in the Golden Horde by Uzbek khan (modern-day Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan)
1365 – 1453
1365 – 1453
Edirne (Adrianople) becomes the capital of the Ottoman Empire
1389
1389
Victory in Kosovo — inclusion of the Balkans by the Ottomans
1397
1397
Beginning of the history of the Lithuanian Tatars
1441 – 1783
1441 – 1783
Crimean Khanate
1453
1453
Triumphant victory of Sultan Mehmet Fatih in Constantinople (Modern-day Istanbul)
1456
1456
Athens included into the Ottoman Empire
1463
1463
Ottoman inclusion of Bosnia
1478
1478
Crimean Khanate and Ottoman Empire form an alliance
1488 – 1588
1488 – 1588
Mimar Sinan — one of the Greatest and the most fruitful Architect of Europe (Istanbul)
1516
1516
Ottoman Sultan Selim is proclaimed a caliph
1520 – 1566
1520 – 1566
Rule of Sultan and caliph Suleiman Qanuni
1522
1522
Island of Rhodes becomes incorporated into the Ottoman Empire
1526 – 1699
1526 – 1699
Ottoman Hungary
1529
1529
Siege of Vienna
1571
1571
Cyprus becomes incorporated into the Ottoman Empire
1611 – 1682
1611 – 1682
Evliya Çelebi — explorer who wrote Seyâhatnâme "Book of Travel", while travelling through the territory of the Ottoman Empire and Europe
1647
1647
French translation of the Holy Quran, later re-translated to English, Dutch and German
1683
1683
Second Siege of Vienna and Battle of Vienna
1709 –1714
1709 –1714
Charles XII of Sweden exile in the Ottoman Empire
1718 – 1730
1718 – 1730
"Lâle Devri" - legendary "Tulip Period" in Ottoman Empire that led to adoption of Muslim elements in mode of life and culture of Europeans, with Venice, Dutch and France at the forefront of this transformation
1787
1787
First published printed edition of the Holy Quran (St. Petersburg)
1834 – 1859
1834 – 1859
Caucasian Imamate, the rule of Imam Shamil (Dagestan and North Caucasus, modern-day Russia)
1876 – 1909
1876 – 1909
Rule of Ottoman Sultan and Caliph — Abdul-Hamid II
1887
1887
First Ottoman Parliament formed under Abdul Hamid II
1889
1889
Construction of the first mosque in London (Shah Jahan Mosque)
1898
1898
Gazi Husrev-beg Mosque became the first mosque in the world to receive electricity (Sarajevo, Bosnia and Hezegovina)
November 28, 1912
November 28, 1912
Declaration of Independence of Albania — the emergence of the first European state with a Muslim majority population
May 28, 1918
May 28, 1918
Proclamation of the first Republic of Azerbaijan
May 27, 1920
May 27, 1920
Creation of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Republic (Modern-day Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation)
30 November, 1922
30 November, 1922
Formation of Chechen Autonomy (modern-day Chechen Republic, Russian Federation)
18 October, 1991
18 October, 1991
Declaration of independence of Azerbaijan
5 April, 1992
5 April, 1992
Declaration of independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina
16 December, 1991
16 December, 1991
Declaration of independence of Kazakhstan
30 June, 2005
30 June, 2005
Russian Federation joined the Organization of Islamic Cooperation as an observer, following the example of the European states — Azerbaijan, Albania, Kazakhstan, Turkey (members) and Bosnia and Herzegovina and Northern Cyprus (observers)
February 17, 2008
February 17, 2008
Kosovo Declaration of Independence
July 10, 2020
July 10, 2020
Hagia Sophia is converted back into a mosque